Researching Creation

September 20, 2010

General / Wooden Ships the Size of Noah's Ark


Ian just pointed me to an excellent link about Chinese Treasure Junks.  These are ships built in the 15th century that have approximately the same dimensions as Noah's ark, and built out of wood.  Pretty amazing!  I wonder what these could teach us about the ark itself, if anything, and if perhaps the technology to build these came from the ark itself.

August 31, 2010

General / Please vote for the Little Light House


Please vote for the Little Light House to receive $500,000 from Kohl's Cares.  This is a wonderful organization which benefits special needs children without taking any payment whatsoever.  They have been a lifesaver to me and my family.

August 31, 2010

Discussions around the Web / Creation Q&A Day on Facebook


For any of you with questions about creationism, I encourage you to come and ask questions at Creationism Q&A Day on Facebook with Creation Nation X.  Our friend Ian hosted the last one, and I'll be hosting this one with a focus on biology.

August 28, 2010

Biological Change / Random Thought on Diversification

I was reading Gene Conversion in the Rice Genome, and noticed this:

Pseudogenes in the rice genome with low similarity to Arabidopsis genes showed greater likelihood for gene conversion than those with high similarity to Arabidopsis genes.

While arabidopsis is probably a different created kind than rice, it got me wondering - what if, when two species enter into symbiosis, one species transfers pseudogenes to another, which are then used in gene conversion to set up the biochemical pathways for the symbiosis?

Thus, pseudogenes might act like a symbiosis integration script, giving a template for interacting with it.  The other organism then takes that template, and, through gene conversion, uses pieces out of it to alter its own genome to match the symbiosis?

Anyway, that might be an interesting path to look down.

August 15, 2010

Discussions around the Web / Why Online Conversations Are Hard


I was having a conversation with someone about fitness functions, who asked how someone could sneak information into a fitness function.  I responded.  Of course, someone else then asked about how evolution worked in cases where information wasn't snuck into the fitness function - the answer - it is usually snuck into the parameters of evolution!  But I hope you can see why online discussions are hard (for any issue).  People take the answer to a single *aspect* of the issue to be a universal answer to the whole deal.  They mistake the fact that you are having a conversation with a specific person about a specific thing to be a general public service announcement.  We can't spend our lives speaking in qualified statements, but we do need to be aware that people listening in aren't familiar with the full context of the conversation.

July 21, 2010

General / The Mind


[WARNING - this post may not make any sense until I give my BSG talk - sorry - I'll refer back to it later after I describe that talk]

In preparation for my BSG talk on creationary cognition models, I was digging through some papers, and ran into a whole collection of papers on the Gödelian argument against the physicalism of the brain.  Would someone please take these papers to the theology departments?  Anyone?

This whole area of research seems completely unknown outside of a few specialists (though Penn State seemed to have a lot of contributions, or at least a lot of archived papers that Google Scholar pointed to).

Anyway, when I had started my research in seminary, I thought that my Gödelian argument for the soul was at least somewhat unique.  I had read Voie's use of Gödel, but did not realize that there was an actual literature on the subject.  I have to say I was a little disappointed when I found Robertson's paper on free will.  I realized my argument wasn't brand-new. 

Anyway, I found one paper that comes at least a little close to what my BSG presentation will be on - Copeland's Turing's o-machines, Searle, Penrose, and the Brain.  On the one hand, even if I didn't add anything to the conversation, I think just popularizing these ideas is worthwhile.  However, my goal is to begin a research program to systematize these ideas as part of a general cognitive studies program.  I think one reason why these ideas aren't getting as much play is because they are being relegated to philosophy.  What we need to do is to start experimenting - then we can put them into practice.

Some interesting and related papers I found in Google Scholar:

June 24, 2010

General / BSG/CGS 2010 Meeting Speaker List

Todd just posted the talk list for the BSG/CGS meeting.  It looks to be a really exciting time, and I have no idea how they are going to fit so many talks into a day and a half - probably switching to a multiple-track format. Anyone who wants to interact with creation research should come here.  Here's the link to register.  After this week the registration price goes up.

Here is the list of talks:


  • Bartlett - Estimating Active Information in Adaptive Mutagenesis
  • Bartlett - Developing an Approach to Non-Physical Cognitive Causation in a Creation Perspective
  • Demme - Grasses and Shrubs or Grain and Thorn-bushes? The Vegetation of Genesis 2.5
  • Francis - Use of Halobacteria as a Model Research Organism in the Undergraduate Research Laboratory
  • Sanders - Baraminological Status of the Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)
  • Wilson - Revisiting the 'Clear Synapomorphy' Criterion
  • Wise - Dominion: Human raison d’être, Foundation of Bioethics, Foundation of Environmentalism
  • Wood - Species and Genus Counts for Terrestrial Mammal Families Reveals Evidence for and against Widespread Intrabaraminic Diversification
  • Wood - A Re-evaluation of the Baraminic Status of Australopithecus sediba Using Cranial and Postcranial Characters


  • Austin - Submarine Liquefied Sediment Gravity Currents: Understanding the Mechanics of the Major Sediment Transportation and Deposition Agent during the Global Flood
  • Cheung, Strom, Whitmore - Persistence of Dolomite in the Coconino Sandstone, Northern and Central Arizona
  • Garner - Permian Cross-bedded Sandstones and Their Significance for Global Flood Models
  • Gollmer - Deep Ocean Interaction in a Post-Flood Warm Ocean Scenario
  • Hutchison - Potential Mechanisms for the Deposition of Halite and Anhydrite in a Near-critical or Supercritical Submarine Environment
  • Oard - Dinosaur Tracks, Eggs, and Bonebeds Explained Early in the Flood
  • Ross - YEC Geology in the Classroom: Educational Materials, Challenges and Needs
  • Snelling - Radiohalos in Multiple, Sequentially-Intruded Phases of the Bathurst Batholith, NSW, Australia: Evidence for Rapid Granite Formation During the Flood
  • Snelling - Radiocarbon in Permian Coal Beds of the Sydney Basin, Australia
  • Stansbury - How Does an Underwater Debris Flow End? Flow Transformation Evidences Observed within the Lower Redwall Limestone of Arizona and Nevada
  • Whitmore, Strom - Clay Content: A Simple Criterion for the Identification of Fossil Desiccation Cracks?
  • Whitmore - Preliminary Report and Significance of Grain Size Sorting in Modern Eolian Sands
  • Whitmore, Maithel - Preliminary Report on Sorting and Rounding in the Coconino Sandstone

June 17, 2010

Information Theory / Sanford Publishes New Bioinformatics Tool


John Sanford, a young-earth creationist biology professor at Cornell, just published a bioinformatics paper describing his new genomics tool, called skittle with a bioinformatics graduate student Josiah Seaman.  You can read the paper here.  The tools allows you to color the genome and experiment with alignments to visualize patterns that are not detectable by other methods. 

You can download the program from Skittle's website on sourceforge., or find more information about the program at

It runs on Mac, Windows, and Linux.

This tool allows us to detect a number of new patterns in the genome.  Not only does it help to find tandem repeats, it also helps to find structured variations in those repeats.

This holistic approach to genome analysis is precisely the sort of research that IDers and creationists are interested in.  The reductionist approaches of the last century were useful for digging deeper, but they often blinded researchers to the larger-scale activities of what was happening.

From the paper:

As we have been able to better visualize tandem repeats using Skittle, we have seen a surprising amount of internal complexity. Some of this complexity seems to be easily understood in terms of point mutations and indels, but a great deal of the complexity appears to provide an intriguing array of "puzzles" which invite further study. These puzzling patterns include co-varying deviations from a repeating theme, and internal patterns that are not simply "repeats within repeats". For lack of a better term we are referring to these patterns as structured variation.

If tandem repeats have any function, the "structured variation"
described above could conceivably carry information. A perfect repeat cannot contain any information beyond the base sequence and copy number. However, a repeat with variation can contain considerably more information. Each of the three types of observable variation (substitutions, indels, and alternating repeats) has a direct analog in electronic information technology (amplitude modulation, phase modulation, and frequency modulation, respectively).

And then later, he mentions something interesting about the alignments:

Interestingly, the self-adjusting cylinder alignment, which was designed to simply optimize local alignment as would be expected in vivo, causes a marked increase in the visual coherence of all complex tandem repeats. This suggests to us that such coherence might reflect a minimal energy state, and may reflect actual structure in vivo, and might even reflect an unknown biological function. Logically, such coils could change circumference in multiples of the repeat length and so might modulate local genomic architecture.

Anyway, I am really excited about this, and hope to dig more into this as I have time.

Thanks to Sal for pointing this out to us!

June 14, 2010

Discussions around the Web / Todd Wood on Owen's Resolution to the Form/Function Debate


Todd Wood has an excellent introduction to the form-vs-function debate, focusing on the ideas of Richard Owen.  From his post:

Owen's eclectic embracing of functionalism and structuralism were answers to different questions: 1. Why are organisms so well-adapted? and 2. Why are there homologies?....Organismal similarity was to Owen based a [sic] natural law of the archetype. The differences Owen attributed to functional requirements. (Thus he saw two answers for two different questions.)

June 13, 2010

General / Creation Research Society Conference


It's the conferencing time of year!  The Creation Research Society is putting on their conference this year at University of South Carolina Lancaster July 23-24.  Here is a preliminary list of the talks that are going on (i'll post again as this is updated):

  • Mark Armitage - Some Unusual Tiny Plants
  • Charles McCombs - Mutations and Natural Selection: A Population Genetics Study using Mendel's Accountant
  • Douglas A. Harold and Lindsay N. Harold - Origins Research Group Involving Current Students in Creation Research
  • Joel David Klenck - Genesis Model for the Origin, Variation, and Continuation of Human Populations
  • Charles McCombs - Reality of Chirality
  • Jeff Tomkins - Plant Cold Tolerance Research at ICR: An Intriguing Venture in Irreducible Complexity and Intelligent Design
  • Cheng Yeng Hung - Concurrence between Science and Bible on Our Immediate and Original Ancestors
  • Raúl E. López - The Paleolithic Archaeology of Palestine: A Biblical View.
  • James J. S. Johnson and Nathaniel T. Jeanson - What is a created 'kind' (mîn), as that term is used in Genesis, and from where do the 'kinds" we see today originate?
  • Thomas J. Foltz - The Creationist's Silver Bullet: Information, Origins and the Impossibility of Macro-Evolution
  • Joel David Klenck - Genesis and the Gardens of God
  • Joel David Klenck - Geographical Locations of Genesis Gardens
  • Samuel R. Henderson - A Theoretical Extension to Newtonian Gravitational Theory
  • Mary Beth De Repentigny - Looking for the "God Particle" at the Large Hadron Collider
  • Patricia Nason - What "Science" Is Being Taught in Our High Schools?
  • Don Moeller - Craniofacial / Dental Mutations in Zebrafish and Mice Disprove the Ability of  Evolutionary Genetic and Developmental Biologic Models to Substantiate Functional Structural Intermediates in Craniofacial/ Dental Evolution
  • Ronald C. Marks - Science Worldviews Impacting Science
  • Eugene Chaffin - The Carbon Isotopes and the Strength of the Nuclear Force
  • Cheng Yeng Hung - Reevaluation of Earth Age Using Hung's Geochronological Dating Model
  • S. G. Smith - Men, Memes, and Metaphysics
  • Richard Overman - Evaluation Of The Ar/Ar Dating Process
  • Wayne Spencer - Extrasolar Planets and Creation
  • Keith Davies - The origin of the distinctive patterns of element abundances in the sun
  • Ronald G. Samec - Astrochronology: Toward a Maximum Apparent Age of the Time Dilated Universe
  • Danny R. Faulkner - Is the Flood Memorialized in the Constellations?
  • Michael Oard - Dinosaur Tracks, Eggs, and Bonebeds Explained Early in the Flood
  • Mark Armitage - The anatomy of light production in Photinus pyralis

Quite a list!  I wish I had time to go to both this and the BSG conference, but funds are limited this year.  Hopefully next year I can go to both, and maybe a a secular conference or two.

In any case, you can register for the conference here ($55 for CRS members, $90 for non-members).

In addition to all this, Danny Faulkner will be hosting a free field trip on Sunday, July 25 to Wood's Bay State Park, one of the Carolina bays.

Sounds like a lot of fun!  As I mentioned, I'll update this when I get a finalized list of speakers, and I will also post the BSG schedule when it is available.  You should come to one (or both) of the summer conferences!